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International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
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Research Paper | Nutrition Science | Yemen | Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Obesity; Dietary Habits and Coronary Heart Disease among Sudanese Patients Attending Sudan Heart Center

Somiya Gutbi Salim Mohammed

Background: Many researchers have suggested that obesity; especially abdominal obesity may have higher predictive value for coronary heart disease and its risk factors. Since abdominal fat predicts a higher risk for coronary heart disease; waist circumference provides more information on risk assessment than body mass index alone. Waist measurement and waist-height ratio have been used as Proxy measures of visceral adipose tissue; mainly in adults. Objectives: to determine the relation between the prevalence of the coronary heart disease and anthropometric indices. Material and Method: A sample of 250 patients from Sudan heart center; adults were assessed in the period of July December 2011-2012 in cross sectional hospital base study for patients who attending Sudan heart center. Data collection included questionnaires; anthropometric measures; such as body mass index; waist circumference and waist-height ratio and food frequency was also investigated. Results: The prevalence of general obesity (body mass index) among coronary heart disease males patients was found to be; (overweight; 37.6 %) ; (obese class1; 19.5 %) ; (obese class 2; 10.5 %) ; and (obese class3; 0.8 %). On the other hand the prevalence of general obesity (body mass index) among females patients was found to be; (overweight; 46.2 %) ; (12 % obese class1) ; (7.7 %; obese class2) ; and (2.6 %; obese class3). High Waist circumference was observed among females patients; 7.7 % had waist circumference ranges between 80 to 87.9 cm; 87.2 % had waist circumference equal 88 cm or more and 5.1 % had normal waist circumference (less than 80cm).Regarding waist circumference among males; 26.3 % of male patients had normal waist circumference (less than 94cm) ; 20.3 % their waist circumferences range between 94 to

Keywords: coronary heart disease, body mass index, obesity, waist circumference, waist-height ratio

Edition: Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 1285 - 1290

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Somiya Gutbi Salim Mohammed, "Obesity; Dietary Habits and Coronary Heart Disease among Sudanese Patients Attending Sudan Heart Center", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=13061403, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014, 1285 - 1290



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