International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Biochemistry Science | Nigeria | Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015 | Rating: 6.1 / 10


Contrasting Variation of Cationic (Na+ and K+) Electrolytes in Blood Serum of Hypertensive and Diabetic Patients around Kano Central, Nigeria

Umar A. A. [2] | Munir G. | Salihu Y. | Saidu A.Y. | Kabara H. T.


Abstract: research aimed at comparing the serum level of sodium and potassium ions in hypertensive and diabetic patients in order to ascertain the influence of cationic electrolytes in hypertensive and diabetic patients.400 patients were group into hypertensive and diabetic groups, 200 per group and 100 healthy controls. The serum level of both sodium and potassium ions were determined. Na+ was found to have higher (hypernaremia) mean value statistically significant (p>0.05) in hypertensive group while below (hyponatremia) normal range in diabetic patients group (p0.05) higher (hyperkalemia) in diabetic group while low (hypokalemia) (p0.05) than that of diabetic patients and control group and that of diabetic patients was in turn higher than control group.


Keywords: Hypertension, Diabetes, Body Mass Index, sodium ion, Potassium ion


Edition: Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015,


Pages: 15 - 18



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