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Survey Paper | Medicine Science | Albania | Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015
The Impact of LGS and PM10 in Cardio Vascular and Respiratory System; A Study about the Air Pollution; Particles LGS &PM10' Impact in Cardiac and Respiratory Patients in the Cities of Fieri and Vlora
Mimoza Canga MD PhD  | Vito Antonio Malagnino MD DDS 
Abstract: . To evaluate the values of LGS and PM 10 in the air of Fier and Vlora cities in order to determine their high value impact on the cardio vascular and respiratory diseases. Material and Method The study is concentrated in two cities with different climate FierandVlore. This is a clinic-epidemiologic study related to the connection of the dust particles measured with complex methods and the diseases of the cardio respiratory system. We got permission from the director of both the hospitals to use their facilities and the patients charts to obtain information about the respiratory and cardiac diseases during the time period of 2004-2014. To measure the value of the LGS andPM 10 inside the trachea and other parts of the respiratory system based on the optical technique of laser by counting the fallen particles on the surfaces. Using some particular filters with organic parts and ebolution base <65 grade C, we have measured LGS and PM 10 in the air of Vlora and Fieri. Using the normal values of LGS and PM 10 we have measured what are the values in females with IAM in both cities. ResultsIn all the data about the cardiac diseases we saw that all of them have a higher ratio of happening in the city than in the country. The ratios varied from 4/1 to 5/1 City/ village patients. According to the respiratory diseases we have noticed that almost all this diseases are more spread in the city than the town areas. The highest pollution is noticed in the city of Fier compared with the Vlora city, this for the reason of the hot environmental areas as the Marines Patos gas refinery, Ballsh refinery and Azotic chemicals factory. These areas have polluted the rivers of the city Gjanica and Seman, also the underground waters in combination with the transport vehicles which release a great deal of gases and dust. Thats why the values of LGS and PM 10 are higher in Fier than Vlora. Conclusions PM 10 has an influential impact in the cardio vascular system and the pathologies like IAM, Ischemia, Cardiopathy, etc so its levels should be kept under control. There are other factors like hypertension, diabetes and the cholesterol level which also should be kept under control. The levels of pollution lower the life expectancy.
Keywords: LGS, PM 10, respiratory and cardiac diseases, air pollution
Edition: Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015,
Pages: 337 - 340