International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 125 | Views: 229

Research Paper | Biology | Morocco | Volume 4 Issue 3, March 2015

Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus infection among Congolese Women with Normal Cervical Cytology

Luc Magloire Anicet Boumba [2] | Mustapha Mouallif | Lahoucine Hilali | Donatien Moukassa [6] | Moulay Mustapha Ennaji [2]

Abstract: To determine the HPV infection prevalence among Congolese women with normal cervical cytology in southwestern Congo, in order to establish a data baseline necessary to improve the HPV infections prevention and screening. Between November 2010 and February 2011, cervical samples of 219 women attending the General Hospital of Loandjili who had a normal cervical smear dated less than one year in cytopathological Unit register were investigated. Liquid based cytology samples were obtained using a cytobrush. A portion of the sample was used to confirm the cytological diagnosis and another one for the HPV detection by nested-PCR and direct sequencing. Overall, 204 women were included. HPV prevalence was 23.5 % (48). HR-HPV and LR-HPV infection was detected in 29 (60.4 %) and 19 (39.6 %) of study participants respectively. Thirteen HPV genotypes were identified. The most common genotypes were HPV16, 13 (27 %), HPV70, 8 (16.6 %), HPV33 and HPV6, 5 (10.4 %). A decreasing trend of HPV infection was observed as the age increases, 38.6 % below 30 years to 11.1 % over 60 years (p=0, 379). Conclusion HPV prevalence among Congolese study women with normal cervical cytology was high. Knowledge of the type-specific HPV distribution in women with normal cytology could help to establish the frequency in the cytological monitoring of women between two screenings.

Keywords: Human papillomavirus prevalence, Normal cervical cytology, Pointe-noire, Southwestern Congo

Edition: Volume 4 Issue 3, March 2015,

Pages: 521 - 526

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