International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Informative Article | Dentistry | India | Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024 | Rating: 4.6 / 10

Exploring the Promise of Stem Cell Therapy: A Review of Sources, Classification, and Potential Medical Applications

Shah Kinjal | Virani Rhut | Usman Ifzah

Abstract: In recent years, stem cell therapy has become a very promising and advanced scientific research topic. The development of treatment methods has evoked great expectations. This paper is a review focused on the discovery of different stem cells and the potential therapies based on these cells. Stem cells are classified mainly by their source into three basic types: Embryonic, umbilical, and adult stem cells. Each differs in its plasticity and could thus potentially be used for different medical purposes. Stem cell therapy is emerging as a potentially revolutionary new way to treat disease and injury, with wide - ranging medical benefits. Given the fact that there are populations of stem cells that reproducibly reform bone and its marrow, cementum, dentin, and perhaps even periodontal ligament, it is possible to envision the complete restoration of the hard tissues in the oral cavity using the patient?s cells, thereby avoiding issues of histocompatibility. Nevertheless, stem cell therapy, a prologue to an era of medical discovery of cell - based therapies that will one day restore function to those whose lives are now challenged every day, is still at the beginning of the road.

Keywords: Stem cells, Adult stem cells, Embryonic stem cells, Umbilical stem cells, Hematopoietic stem cells, Pluripotent stem cells, Differentiation, Leukemia Inhibiting factor (LIF), Dental follicle progenitor cells (DFPC), Stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED), Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLCs), Stem cells therapy

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 6, June 2024,

Pages: 1189 - 1195

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