International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | History | Brazil | Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024


Eyeless in Gaza: Comparing the Tactical Dynamics of Hamas and the Algerian FNLs Historical Conflicts

Jose Mauricio Saldanha - Alvarez


Abstract: Here, we intend to demonstrate the similarities between the political methodology and military terrorist attack tactics employed by Hamas in the October 7, 2023 offensive against Israel and those adopted in 1954 - 1955 by the Algerian FNL and ALN against France and Alg?rie Fran?aise. The study initially argues that the FNL/ANL's option for a sudden and violent attack in 1954/1955, victimizing soldiers and babies, separated the Muslim and European communities. Terrorism brought daily insecurity to the French colonists, constant and incessant choosing between the suitcase and the coffin. The terrorism of European colonists, carried out by the OAS, murdered Algerians at random, increasing the climate of fear. Secondly, we argue that the FNL did not wish to destroy France or the French but aspired to the independence and dignity of its Muslim people, while Hamas aims to destroy Israel and the Jewish people. The essay further argues that Hamas adopted the division employed by the FNL between external politicians and internal military personnel. Its political leadership resides safely in Qatar and Turkey, and the military leadership is on the battlefield of Gaza. Finally, like the FNL, Hamas seeks to isolate the antagonist in the international and media arena by garnering support from public opinion by constructing a discursive truth. Our body of research employs daily journalism, expert analysis, witness statements, and reference works.


Keywords: Israel, Hamas, War, Terrorism, France, Argelia, FNL, ANL, OAS, media, international support


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024,


Pages: 745 - 758


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