International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Informative Article | Engineering Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023 | Rating: 4.4 / 10

Firmware Security in Connected Electric Vehicles: Challenges and Solutions

Omkar Manohar Ghag [5]

Abstract: The adoption of autonomous electric vehicles is one of the most significant milestones in the sustainability endeavor that the automotive industry has achieved. These autonomous vehicles are characteristically well - optimized, thus reducing traffic congestion, minimizing accidents, and significantly reducing environmental pollution. The design of an autonomous vehicle entails the mechanical parts, which are the moving and body sections, and the computerized systems consisting of software that performs the processing of the programmed autonomous driving as it receives timely updates from the surroundings using several sensors attached to it. A middle layer called firmware between these systems is used to translate the software instructions into a machine - understandable state, which is the actual action leading to autonomous driving. This firmware is essential; hence, there is a high concern for its security. The firmware could be vulnerable to interceptions when communicating with other remote systems that provide over - the - air updates and sensor communications. Furthermore, it could be compromised by physical manipulation if an attacker gains access. There have been recent attacks on the firmware showing its vulnerabilities and challenges. This paper discusses these cases and explores some strategies that can be used to enhance firmware security, such as defense - in - depth frameworks and security - by - design approaches.

Keywords: Autonomous Driving, Firmware security, Electric vehicles

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023,

Pages: 2137 - 2139

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