International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 19 | Views: 82 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙13

Research Paper | Pathology | India | Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024


Evaluating the Efficacy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Thyroid Swellings: A Comparative Study with Histopathology

Dr. Muthu Venkat T | Dr. Vijayalakshmi [6]


Abstract: This study assesses the sensitivity and specificity of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology FNAC in diagnosing thyroid swellings by comparing its outcomes with histopathological findings. Conducted on 50 patients with neck swellings at the Trichy SRM Medical College Hospital Research Centre, the research highlights FNACs role as a rapid, cost - effective, and patient - friendly diagnostic tool. Despite its limitations, including difficulty in distinguishing between benign and malignant follicular lesions, FNAC demonstrated a high correlation with histopathological examinations, confirming malignancy in all diagnosed cases. The study, which fills a gap in local research, underscores FNACs importance in early diagnosis, reducing unnecessary surgical interventions, and enhancing the medical management of thyroid lesions. The findings advocate for FNACs continued use as a frontline diagnostic approach, emphasizing the need for cautious interpretation in cases with overlapping cytological features.


Keywords: Thyroid swellings, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology FNAC, histopathology, sensitivity and specificity, thyroid cancer


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 3, March 2024,


Pages: 25 - 30


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