International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Urban and Regional Planning | India | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024

Rethinking Urban Spaces: A Comprehensive Review of Global Urbanization Studies

Patil Sardar Ananda | Ghadi Guruprasad Eknath | Kapur Astha Smarth

Abstract: Post - World War II, urbanization surged, notably in 21st - century India, ranking second globally in urban population. Despite lower urban proportions, the country faces challenges: transport, sanitation, housing, and pollution. Urban planning, vital for systematic development, must prioritize residents' welfare, incorporating efficient Land Use, traffic management, governance, and sustainability. The Smart Cities Mission strives for balanced regional development, reviewing research on urban issues, planning, Land Use analysis, and urbanization - related studies for informed strategies. The main aim of the present research article is to explore the research studies conducted in the field of urbanization and suggest future avenues of research for the sustainable development of towns and cities. For the present article, narrative, systematic, critical, umbrella and integrative review methods have been used. This comprehensive review addresses the challenges of urbanization, emphasizing water management, Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) analysis, urban problems, solid waste management, urban planning, and urban transportation. Researchers propose strategies for sustainable water management, LULC integration, and informed urban development policies. The multifaceted challenges of rapid urban expansion in India, including inadequate infrastructure, housing shortages, and environmental degradation, are meticulously analyzed. The review explores innovative strategies for waste management and emphasizes the role of research in steering urban planning towards resilient, eco - friendly cities. In urban transportation, studies highlight issues of sustainability, congestion, and fatality rates, providing valuable insights for policymakers and city planners. The collective findings underscore the importance of interdisciplinary approaches and coordinated efforts to address complex urban challenges, shaping the path towards resilient, sustainable urban futures. The future of urban research holds transformative potential amid rapid urbanization challenges. Comprehensive reviews in water management, LULC analysis, urban problems, solid waste management, urban planning, and transportation provide insights for future directions. Interdisciplinary approaches, data integration, and advanced technologies are crucial for holistic problem - solving. Resilient urban design, community engagement, circular economy principles, smart transportation, global collaboration, and longitudinal studies emerge as key focuses. By embracing these directions, researchers can shape sustainable and inclusive urban futures, contributing to vibrant communities in the face of evolving challenges.

Keywords: urbanization, sustainable development, urban planning, Land Use, water management

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,

Pages: 1617 - 1634

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