International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024


A Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Intrinsic Foot Muscle & Tibialis Posterior Strengthening Exercise and Talo-Navicular Joint Mobilization with Conventional Exercises in Young Individuals with Pes Planus

A. Prakash [5] | T. Neha Manna


Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of intrinsic muscle and tibialis posterior muscle strengthening exercises and talo-navicular joint mobilization technique along with conventional exercises in young individuals with pes planus. Background of the Study: Flat feet also called pes planus or fallen arches is a postural deformity in which the arches of the foot collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near complete contact with ground. There are 10 intrinsic muscles located in the sole of the foot. They act collectively to stabilize the arches of the foot, and individually to control movement of the digits and talo-navicular joint forms the medial arch center, collapse of which leads to flat foot. Materials and Methodology: A comparative study was done to compare the effect of IMF and TP strengthening exercise and talo-navicular joint mobilization along with conventional exercise by dividing the subjects into two groups. The inclusion criteria were age group of 18-25, both type of Pesplanus, navicular drop test positive and the exclusion criteria were anyone having other orthopedic condition, other neurological conditions etc., Procedure: Group A consists of 10 subjects who were trained with IMF and TP strengthening exercises and Group B consists of 10 subjects who were trained with talo-navicular joint mobilization along with conventional exercise. Outcome measures of foot disability and foot arch height were measured using Foot Posture Index and Foot Function Index. Results: On comparing the pre and post values within the groups and post values between the Group Aand Group B, t-value of Group B showed significantly (p?0.05) better effect than Group A. Conclusion: This study concludes that Group B, who was given talo-navicular joint mobilization along with conventional exercise is more effective than Group A, who were given IMF and TP strengthening exercises.


Keywords: Pes planus, foot muscles, Foot Posture Index, Foot Function Index, talo-navicular joint, joint mobilization, strengthening


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,


Pages: 1164 - 1168


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