International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Informative Article | Public Health | India | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024 | Rating: 5.3 / 10

Trends and Interventions in Pediatric Diarrhea and Acute Respiratory Infections in India: A Comprehensive Analysis

Soney Chak | Aashima Magotra

Abstract: Introduction: To reduce child mortality in India in the wake of the country's rapid population growth, a significant drop in the prevalence of different diseases is required. The objective of the study is to find trends and interventions in pediatric diarrhea and acute respiratory infections in India. Methodology: Data on children under 5 years old situated in 28 selected Indian states were analyzed using data from the third, fourth, and fifth rounds of the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2005 - 06, 2015 - 2016, and 2019 - 21 to identify factors related with mortality among children. Results: In NFHS 3, 4, and 5, the prevalence of diarrhea is about 9.9%, 9.2%, and 7.3% and ARI is about 6.03, 2.7, and 2.8 respectively. There are many factors influencing the prevalence of diarrhea and ARI. However, targeted efforts helped in reducing the prevalence of these illnesses. Conclusion: The findings advocate for specialized policies and programs, by those already in place which had a significant impact on millions of people. To ensure that women and their children receive adequate nutrition, future public health initiatives and policies should concentrate on vulnerable populations that were identified in the analysis.

Keywords: Child mortality, pediatric diseases, National Family Health Survey, diarrhea prevalence, acute respiratory infections

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,

Pages: 380 - 387

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