International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024


A Comparative Study on Efficacy of Core Strengthening Exercises and Interferential Therapy in Reduction of Pain in Patients with Spondylolisthesis

Brajendra Singh | Prabhjot Kaur [9] | Shyamal Koley [12]


Abstract: Background: Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that causes low back pain. Various studies are available that showed the beneficial effects in the management of spondylolisthesis, but there were only a few studies conducted comparing the effect of core strengthening exercises and electrotherapy modality to reduce the pain. Thus, in the present study, an attempt has been made to compare the efficacy of interferential therapy and core strengthening exercises in reducing pain in patients with spondylolisthesis. Materials and Method: A total of 42 purposively selected confirmed cases of spondylolisthesis (both male and female) aged 25-40 years were considered for the present study. The subjects were further divided into two groups for intervention. Group-A consisted of 21 subjects who were treated with interferential therapy (IFT) and Group-B consisted of 21 subjects who were treated with core strengthening exercises. Results: The results of the present study revealed that statistically significant differences were noted in reduction of pain between pre- and post treatment in patients treated both with interferential therapy (p<0.001) (Group-A) and core strengthening exercises (p<0.001) (Group-B). But in post-treatment, the patients treated with core strengthening exercises had greater percentage decrement in pain than the patients treated with interferential therapy. Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that both the five weeks of treatment protocol with interferential therapy and core strengthening exercises can be used to reduce the pain in patients with spondylolisthesis, but the core strengthening exercises protocol showed considerably greater percentage reduction of pain than interferential therapy protocol.


Keywords: Core strengthening exercises, Interferential therapy, Pain, Spondylolisthesis


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,


Pages: 1217 - 1220


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