International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Nutrition Science | Saudi Arabia | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023


Sudanese Knowledge of Life Styles in Relation to Hypertension and their Attitude to Measure their Blood Pressure

Bushra Elbashir | Aydroose Entisar


Abstract: Introduction: Lifestyle modification is a long - term community - based policies and procedures for prevention and control of non - communicable diseases (NCDs). Hypertension (BP) is one of the NCDs, that may lead to other NCDs such as cardiovascular diseases, stroke, diabetes mellitus and renal failure. Objectives: To assess knowledge of life styles Sudanese participants as risk factors for developing BP or preventive measures from hypertension. Methods: A cross - sectional study was designed. The assessment tool was questionnaire, which included sociodemographic data, the knowledge & attitude of life style & hypertension such as dietary factors, stress, smoking and physical activities. Results: Total subjects was 450 participants, 48.7% were males and 51.3% were females. Data illustrated that, 30.2% think that hypertension is a chronic ? NCD and 26.4% replied as hypertension a silent killer.62.4% and 61.3% of the participants consider high salt and high fat intake respectively were risk factors to develop hypertension. Almost third thinks that, taking vegetables is a preventive measure and 27.8% think that taking fruits was preventive measure to develop hypertension. The results showed that, 76.4%, 53.1%, and 53.4% of the subject think that stress, smoking and diabetes mellitus respectively were risk factors to develop hypertension, where as 60.8% think that, physical exercise is preventive measure against hypertension.79% check their blood pressure either by medical staff or during health awareness activities. Conclusion: The knowledge of the relationship between hypertension risk factors with eating salty food and fatty food were good, whereas eating vegetables and fruits as preventive life style were very low. Those who used to check their blood pressure routinely was less than recommended.


Keywords: NCD, Hypertension, life style, Knowledge, Attitude Sudan


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,


Pages: 2020 - 2024


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