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Research Paper | Urban Planning | India | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023
Enhancing Sustainability and Equity: Integrating Environmental and Social Safeguards in Urban Planning Projects
Abstract: Environmental and social sustainability are crucial factors for promoting economic growth and reducing poverty worldwide. Safeguards policies play a vital role in preventing and mitigating adverse impacts on people and the environment during development processes. Urban developmental activities have significant implications on land, air, water, and biodiversity, leading to environmental challenges like climate change, food security, water security, energy security, and urbanization management. Integrating Environmental and Social Safeguards into urban planning is essential due to the growing population's strain on natural resources, resulting in environmental stresses such as poor air quality, especially in highly polluted cities like Delhi, India. During project implementation, safeguards aid in defining measures and processes to manage risks effectively and enhance positive impacts. Key environmental safeguard considerations include biodiversity conservation, sustainable resource management, pollution prevention, pesticide use, and greenhouse gas emissions. Several international organizations, such as the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank, have safeguard policies that address both environmental and social impacts, emphasizing comprehensive approaches to addressing critical issues. Initiatives like the Smart Cities Mission in India promote sustainability, public participation, and innovation through their smart city plans and implementation of Public Private Partnership (PPP) based projects. Environmental and Social Safeguards plans play a pivotal role in guiding and supporting projects throughout their lifecycle, ensuring stakeholder engagement, and addressing community concerns during project execution. This paper emphasizes the importance of integrating Environmental and Social Safeguards in urban planning projects to foster sustainable and inclusive urban development.
Keywords: Environmental safeguards, Social safeguards, urban planning projects
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,
Pages: 829 - 833