International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Comparative Studies | Medical Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023 | Rating: 5.9 / 10 | Rate this Article

Assessing Platelet to Lymphocyte and Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratios as Indicators of Mucosal Activity in Ulcerative Colitis: A Study at a Teritiary Care Hospital in Tamil Nadu

Arshiya Mubin S.P

Abstract: Background: Economical and readily available biomarkers for assessing Ulcerative colitis are need of the hour, for this purpose we evaluated platelet to lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients with ulcerative colitis. Methods: We analyzed 48 patients with UC who underwent measurement of fecal calprotectin (FC) and endoscopy and 96 matched healthy controls. NLR and PLR were compared between the patients and healthy controls. The endoscopic activity was divided into 2 groups: group 1 (mild to moderate inflammation) and group 2 (severe inflammation) according to the Mayo endoscopic score in UC. Results: To diagnose UC, the optimal cutoff of NLR and PLR was 2.26(sensitivity 54.2%; specificity 90.6%) and 179.8 (sensitivity 35.4%; specificity 90.6%) respectively. The optimal cut off to differentiate group 1 and group 2 was 3.44, 175.9, and 453 ?g/g for NLR, PLR, and FC, respectively (sensitivity, 63.6% vs. 90.9% vs. 81.8%; specificity, 81.1% vs. 78.4% vs. 73.0%; positive likelihood ratio, 3.364 vs. 4.205 vs. 3.027; AUC, 0.714 vs. 0.897 vs. 0.813). PLR had the highest AUC and positive likelihood ratio. Conclusion: NLR and PLR are useful in patients with UC from healthy controls. NLR, PLR, and FC may reflect intestinal mucosal conditions.

Keywords: ulcerative colitis, platelet to lymphocyte ratio, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,

Pages: 1723 - 1729

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