International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Mechanical & Electrical Engineering | India | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023


Balancing Energy Consumption and Sustainability: An Indian Perspective

Kameshwar Kumar | Dr Rajeev Ranjan


Abstract: There is glaring gap in per capita energy consumed in our nation as compared to developed nations our energy consumptions is 1/10th of developed nations. There is gap also in urban vs. rural western ?eastern northern southern and in north-eastern in our country itself. The places where the large fossil and renewable energies are available are not able to consume it which is hindrance in their economy development and living standard and monetary growth. This results in per capita income of these areas being very low. The condition need to improve for betterment of living conditions. India mostly consumes and rely on coal, large scale import of oil and gas, country is also burdened monetarily on coal and large scale import of oil and gas, It is difficult to cope with financial burden of import also environment is paying the price for large scale energy production, transformation, transportation and use. It is clear that to try to achieve the level of energy consumption compared to developed nations is unessential but to improve quality of life of all citizens of our country the per capita energy consumption need to increase. We need to find balance between the energy consumption and extraction of the fossil fuel and also try to find new sources of energy, which will lead to improve in quality of life. It is high time that we make shift towards renewable and replenish able form of energy. This strategic change needs paradigm shift in our development approach i.e. from non-responsible growth to a climate friendly moderate development. Serious environment related problems (Global warming, acid rain and ozone layer depletion) are mostly related to energy form and source which is used it is in our national and interest for world at large that we minimize energy usage without sacrifice of the energy requirement for a decent quality of life. A time bound implementation of program is essential to move to renewable energy dominant decentralized system from the existing non replenish able and exhaustive energy system dependent on fossil fuel centralized system.


Keywords: energy, fossil, renewable energies, climate, global warming, ozone depletion


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,


Pages: 1853 - 1861


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