International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Case Studies | Microbiology | India | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023


Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Different Age Groups and Sex

Aysha Salim [3]


Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind. According to the WHO, TB is a worldwide pandemic. It is a leading cause of death among HIV-infected people. Today, India?s DOTS (directly observed treatment short course) program is the fastest-expanding and largest program in terms of patients initiated on treatment. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was discovered by Robert Koch, and for this discovery, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1905. Although it can affect people of any age, individuals with impaired immune systems, e. g., HIV-infected people, are at increased risk. Diabetes mellitus also increases the risk of TB. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis among different age groups and sexes. The research concluded that men are more commonly affected than women, and the age analysis shows that peak incidence is observed in adults above the age of 40.


Keywords: Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Diabetes mellitus, Zeihl Neelson staining, sputum


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,


Pages: 1196 - 1201


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