International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Law | India | Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023


The Children of Manual Scavengers in Child Labour: A Study with Reference to Madurai Corporation - Tamil Nadu

John Kennedy [2]


Abstract: The Indian history witnesses the plight of the Manual Scavengers in socio - legal context. The untouchability and socio - legal exclusion is the day to day reality in their life. They are socially impure, economically poor and legally abandoned. They remove the human excreta manually as traditional occupation imposed by the caste - system. The children of Manual Scavengers are not exception to this. Child labour is an unending misery in the life of the children of manual scavengers. But the expectation of the children is not the employment but empowerment. The problem is even though the well being of children and educational empowerment are portrayed and child labour in any form is prohibited by the Constitution of India, the sad truth is the misery of child labour in the life of manual scavengers? children is unending. Moreover, they experience all kinds of discriminations due to the caste - based traditional work of manual scavenging. The question is whether the legislative and the executive are aware of protecting and prohibiting the child labour of manual scavengers? children? Whether the judicial activism in protecting the Manual Scavengers? Children from the misery of Child labour and protect the human rights of these children is sufficient? It aims to study the importance of protecting the Manual Scavengers? children from child labour and promoting the human dignity and equality in their life. It also aims to provide legislative measures for effective implementation of the existing laws prohibiting child - labour. Also aims for socio ? legal awareness as a need. A critical analysis is made with the help of legislation, bylaws, ordinance as primary source and the judgments as secondary source. Also it contributes to stakeholders such as the literature, Manual Scavengers? children as victims, the litigants and citizens.


Keywords: Manual Scavenging, Child Labour ? Prohibition, Effective Legislations, Judicial Activism


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2023,


Pages: 2000 - 2004


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