International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023 | Rating: 4.9 / 10


PAP Smear and Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) Service Utilization and Associated Factor among Women in Bundelkhand Region

Dr. Sushila Kharkwal [2] | Dr. Richa Sachan | Dr. Hema J. Shobhane [2]


Abstract: Introduction: Cancer of the cervix uteri is one of the most common cancers in developing countries and the third most common cancer among women worldwide. India alone accounts for one - fourth of the global cervical cancer burden. Material and methods: The crosssectional study was conducted on 200 women of age between 21 - 60 years. Priority was given to patients with the risk factors as multiparity, multiple sexual partners, Women with STI, leucorrhea and abnormal vaginal bleeding. The cases were divided into two groups according to screening type. Results: Majority of cases belonged to 41 - 50 yrs of age group followed by 31 - 40 yrs of age group.66.6% cases presented with complaints of discharge P/V. Sensitivity and specificity of PAP smear test was 52.0% and 95.0% respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of VIA test was 89.0% and 87.0% respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that VIA has high sensitivity and lower specificity compared to Pap smear. VIA is feasible and acceptable screening method in the primary health care setting due to single visit see and treatment approach.


Keywords: Cervical cancer, Pap smear, visual inspection with acetic acid, Screening


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,


Pages: 2117 - 2120


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