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Analysis Study Research Paper | Community Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
Prevalence and Spectrum of Functional Disability of Elderly Subjects: A Community - Based Study from Northern India
Abstract: Background: The increase in life expectancy has proliferated the number of elderly as well as chronic diseases throughout the world especially in developing countries like India. One of the major determinants of the quality of life of elderly subjects is their functional status, which may be limited by the presence of chronic diseases. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of functional disability in terms of restriction in the activities of daily livings (ADLs) in elderly and subsequently increased the prevalence of disability among the elderly. This study assesses the prevalence of Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) and analyses determinants of ADL and IADL among elderly aged 60 and over living in India. Aim & Objectives: To find out the prevalence of physical dependency among elderly in the Northern state of HP, India. Material & Methods: This community - based cross - sectional study was conducted in the hilly area of HP, India, with 750 elderly subjects (60 years and above) selected for the study by an appropriate sampling procedure. Activities of daily living (ADL) comprise the basic actions that involve caring for self and body, including personal care, eating and mobility. Results: In the present study population of 750 participants, functional disability score was much higher in rural area as compared to urban possible reason could be easily access to health care services and better life style in urban area. Conclusion: High level of physical dependency in rural area study population need urgent attention towards good geriatric health care services in rural areas at primary, secondary and tertiary level and strengthening of HWC under AYUSHMAN - BHARAT programme.
Keywords: Activities of daily living (ADL), Physical dependency, Elderly, Rural, Urban
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 1407 - 1410