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Research Paper | Electrical Engineering | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023
A Smart System for Detection and Notification of Electrical Power Theft using Arduino and IoT Technologies
Abstract: Electrical power theft is a pervasive issue in power distribution networks worldwide, leading to significant financial losses for utility providers and legitimate consumers. This research paper presents an innovative solution for the detection and notification of power theft using Arduino microcontroller and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. The proposed system employs two energy meters, one specifically designed to detect theft and the other serving as the government meter. Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) are utilized to accurately count the LED blinks on the energy meters. The counts are monitored through a WiFi module (ESP8266), which connects to the ThingSpeak server for real-time tracking. Additionally, a NodeMCU is incorporated to facilitate theft notifications through the Blynk application and an audible buzzer alert. The Arduino microcontroller serves as the central control unit for seamless integration and efficient operation of the entire system.
Keywords: Electrical power theft, Arduino, Internet of Things, IoT, Energy meters, Light Dependent Resistors, LDRs, WiFi, ESP8266, ThingSpeak server, NodeMCU, Blynk app, Buzzer
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,
Pages: 140 - 144