International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Health and Medical Sciences | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023

Study of Trend and Pattern of Death of Prisoners in Judicial Custody in the State of Bihar and its Medico Legal Aspect

Anil Shandil | Shiv Ranjan Kumar | Ritu [96] | Sanjeev Kumar [30] | Damini Chandra | Ravi Kumar [45]

Abstract: Aims and objective: To know the cause and manner of death of prisoners and its medicolegal aspects, trends and patterns of death of cases referred to Patna medical college, Patna for treatment and management. Methods: This prospective study includes cases brought to PMCH, Patna from different districts of Bihar from January 2020 to November 2021 who died in hospitalization or were brought dead information sourced from autopsy reports and the inquest papers of the investigation officer: A mortuary based study. Result: In the majority of cases the cause of death was natural mostly from disease of lung, liver, brain, kidney, few neoplastic causes of oropharynx, lung, thyroid and alcoholic liver disease too - surprisingly in a significant number of cases like head& stab injury, hanging, shock, hemorrhage and trauma. Conclusion: The increasing number of custodial deaths with little to no police accountability has shed light on the systemic flaws that have ended the justice system and compounded human rights violations. It is time to optimize the system to involve a time bound justice protocol.

Keywords: Prisoner, Judicial custody, Hanging, suicide, hospital, prevention

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 1068 - 1070

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