International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023


A Study of Maternal and Fetal Outcome in Patients with First Trimester PV Bleeding in a Tertiary Care Centre

Dr. Pratiksha Gaikwad | Dr. Vivek Karale | Dr. Rohidas Chavan | Dr. Shyamkumar Sirsam | Dr. Rutuja Sawalsurkar


Abstract: Background: First trimester is a dynamic period which spans ovulation, fertilization, implantation and organogenesis. A healthy first trimester is necessary for normal development of fetus. Vaginal bleeding in first trimester requires further assessment in order to identify normal or abnormal development of the pregnancy or a pathologic condition that requires intervention. Aims and Objectives: To study how first trimester bleeding affects pregnancy and see its maternal and fetal outcomes. Materials and Methods: This observational study was conducted at Government Medical College, Akola- Maharashtra. 100 pregnant women attending hospital from January 2021 to December 2021 with history of first trimester pv bleeding were included after permission from the Institutional Ethics Committee, and consent from the patients & was evaluated regarding risk factors, and complications. SPSS version 20 was used for statistical analysis. Results: In patients with first trimester bleeding, it was observed that there is significant risk of pregnancy loss. And though pregnancy continued there may arise complications like preterm labour, PROM, PPROM, preeclampsia, abruption, IUGR. Conclusion: First trimester pv bleeding is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Vigilant assessment and timely prompt measures taken can reduce the adverse outcomes.


Keywords: PV bleeding, Mode of Delivery, Abortions, First trimester


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,


Pages: 741 - 744


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