International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Case Studies | Dental Science | Jordan | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023

Barriers to Reporting Halitosis and Xerostomia among ESRD Patients and Strategies for Improvement: A Cross Sectional Study

Zaid Alzoubi | Abedalelah Almomani | Mohammad Aljarriri | Amani Rousan | Enas Alnajada | Khaled Hamadneh | Ayat Salman

Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to investigate how the level of awareness among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients affects their self-reporting of halitosis and xerostomia to healthcare professionals (HCPs) and their families. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 ESRD patients undergoing renal dialysis at Prince Rashid Bin Alhassan Military Hospital, Irbid, between January and June 2020. All patients were examined for the presence of halitosis and xerostomia, and those who had either condition were questioned about their self-reporting of the oral manifestations to their families and HCPs. The data were collected, analyzed, and kept confidential. Results: The study population consisted of 128 male patients (64%) and 72 female patients (36%), with a dialysis duration ranging from 1 to 7 years. The patients' ages ranged from 18 to 72 years old (with an average of 56 years old). Of the patients examined, 130 (65%) had both halitosis and xerostomia, 78 (39%) had halitosis, and 52 (26%) had xerostomia. Among the patients who had halitosis or xerostomia, only 78 (60%) were aware of their condition, while 52 (40%) were not aware. Furthermore, 99 (76%) of the patients preferred to report their problem to HCPs rather than their families.

Keywords: End-Stage Renal Disease, Xerostomia, Halitosis, and Self-Reporting

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 361 - 363

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