International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023 | Rating: 5.2 / 10

Microbiology and Risk Factors Associated with Surgical Site Infection among LSCS Patients

Dr Ritu Jangir | Dr Ranjana Desai

Abstract: Background: Surgery duration of more than 1 hour is reported to increase the risk for SSI more than two-fold. Readmission of postpartum women owing to SSI in the hospital not only places additional strain on healthcare facilities and employees, but it also has a significant negative influence on a mother's emotional health. Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the common pathogen and risk factors associated with surgical site infection among LSCS patients. Methodology: Total 160 patients undergoing LCSC were included. Controls (n=80) are the patients without SSI and cases (n=80) are the patients having an SSI within 30 days of LSCS. Results: Total 21.25% patients had sterile culture whereas in rest of patients, the most common pathogen identified was streptococci followed by gram positive and acinetobacter. Most common type of discharge was purulent type followed by serous and seropurulent type of discharge. Total 66.3% patient of SSI was recovered with dressing and proper antibiotic coverage. Total 21.25% patients were admitted to ICU/HDU in both groups. Mean days for hospital stay was significantly higher for controls compared to cases. Conclusion: Post caesarean surgical site infection is the one of the common causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. A proper assessment of risk factor that predispose to SSI and their modification may help in reduction of SSI rates.

Keywords: Pathogen, Microbiology, Gynecology, Cesarean, Infection

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,

Pages: 510 - 513

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