International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023 | Rating: 5.4 / 10


An Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Foot Reflexology on Level of Fatigue, Quality of Sleep & Quality of Life among Primi Post - Caesarean Mothers Admitted in Selected Hospitals of Haryana

Priya R [27] | Dr. Victor Devasirvadam


Abstract: Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot reflexology on the levels of fatigue, quality of sleep, and quality of life among primi post - cesarean mothers. Design: The experimental design with samples of 270 (135 in the experimental group and 135 in the control group) who were selected by using a simple random sampling technique at the N. C Jindal Institute of Medical Care and Research in Hisar, Haryana. Methods: The data were collected by using a self - structured questionnaire on the fatigue severity scale (FSS), the Groningen sleep quality scale (GSQS), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHO - QOL - 100). The foot reflexology was performed in the experimental group for 30 minutes (15 minutes on each foot) twice a day for 5 consecutive days in the morning at 10 am and in the evening at 3.30 pm, whereas the control group received routine postnatal care only. Results: The obtained paired "t" value in the experimental group, level of fatigue (11.23), quality of sleep (20.21) and quality of life (28.66), was significant at (p<0.0001***), and the control group, level of fatigue (1.69), quality of sleep (1.79) and quality of life (1.75) was non - significant at (p<0.07). There was an significant association between pre - test level of fatigue with age (6.87, p<0.01**) residence (6.67, p<0.04*), and quality of sleep with type of family (5.35, p<0.02*), regularity of menstruation cycle (3.85, p<0.05*) and quality of life with monthly income (6.42, p<0.04*), frequency with which the mother woke up during the night (4.89, p<0.05*) in the experimental group. The obtained post - test correlation (r) between level of fatigue and quality of sleep ( - 0.38) in the experimental group and ( - 0.12) in the control group shows a negative correlation, and between level of fatigue and the quality of life ( - 0.48) in the experimental group and ( - 0.17) in the control group shows negative correlation and between quality of sleep and quality of life (0.36) in the experimental group and (0.18) in the control group shows positive correlation. Conclusion: The results showed that foot reflexology reduced the level of fatigue and improved the quality of sleep and quality of life among primi post - cesarean mothers in the experimental group, which will help the nurses implement it in the hospitals.


Keywords: foot reflexology, fatigue, primi, post - caesarean, quality of life, quality of sleep


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,


Pages: 262 - 269


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