International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Otorhinolaryngology | India | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023

A Study of Various Indications of Tracheostomy in a Tertiary Care Centre

Dr. Hiranya Prova Saikia [2] | Dr. Naba Jyoti Saikia [2] | Dr. Ananta Biswas

Abstract: Introduction: The indications for tracheotomy have evolved and developed during the course of time. Tracheotomy, which was originally almost solely performed to bypass upper airway blockage, is today a very common elective therapeutic technique used mostly to assist prolonged intubation and ventilation of critically sick patients. Material and Methods: It is a prospective study of various indications of tracheostomy patients treated at the ENT Department of our hospital between June 2021 and May 2022. Results: In our study majority of cases were male accountings for 73% of cases. Common age group belongs to 41 - 50 years. The most common indication for tracheostomy was prolonged ventilation and respiratory toileting, followed by upper airway obstruction and cut throat injuries. Conclusion: With the advancement in the knowledge of anatomical and physiological aspect of the trachea, the indications of tracheostomy have progressed from airway bypass to assisted ventilation.

Keywords: Tracheostomy, ventilation, airway obstruction, stridor, intubation

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,

Pages: 1692 - 1696

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