International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Biodiversity and Conservation | Saudi Arabia | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023


Molecular Analyses of Genetic Diversity in the Population of Calligonum comosum L. 'Her in Hail Region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abeer A. Alshammari | Mona S. Alwahibi [2] | Shikhah K. Alnemar [2]


Abstract: This paper presents the first molecular study on Calligonum comosum L. 'Her (Polygonaceae) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It's known to be part of Saudi Arabia's flora and is a famous medicinal plant. And it has been included on the endangered species list due to its frequent use. Twenty - five C. comosum samples were collected from five different populations in their natural environment and screened using Inter - Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers. Eleven ISSR primers amplified 975 reproducible bands, of which 495 were polymorphic, and the polymorphism of genetic variation between species was 50.8%. This ratio is considered high Among C. comosum members from multiple populations, this ratio is an indication of the quality of genetic diversity within and between C. comosum populations, which is of great importance for the preservation of the plant. As considered, ISSR markers are an effective tool to provide good information about the genetic diversity available in C. comosum inputs from different populations, and the results of this study will help to understand genetic variation and evolutionary dynamics in C. comosum and expand the genetic base for breeding wild species. That additional selection of inputs in each species to assess genetic diversity leads to more useful and reliable results.


Keywords: Calligonum comosum, ISSR, Polymorphism, Hail region, Saudi Arabia


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,


Pages: 728 - 733


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