International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Business Management | United States of America | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023


Men and Women, Perceptions of the Leader's Characteristics Necessary for Leadership

Kenneth V. Oster [2]


Abstract: This study is an examination of the perceptions of men and women concerning seven specific leadership characteristics, and whether these characteristics have a bearing on the ability to assume increased leadership responsibility. The primary challenge for this study was finding a way to measure employee perceptions. The foundation for this article is this author's doctoral dissertation titled, "Men and Women, Perceptions of the Leader's Characteristics Necessary for Leadership (Oster, 2018)" The findings showed women having stronger perceptions for all seven leadership characteristics being examined. There were more variation in the percentages of support of men for the seven leadership characteristics, but by combing the percentages for both men and women, there was strong support for the perception that all seven leadership characteristics are absolutely essential for leadership. This study provides support for leadership training programs including instruction in the seven leadership characteristics examined in this study, and there is a need for continued study of how the diverse workforce of the 21st century perceives the need for leadership training. A good path for future research is an examination of the leadership perceptions of workers from the full demographic range of the American workforce.


Keywords: Intelligence, diversity, women, men, leadership, characteristics, decisiveness, compassion, innovation, organization, and ambition.


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,


Pages: 29 - 38


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