International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Biological Sciences | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023


A Study on Health Impairments due to Regular Standing Posture of Indian Urban Women

Shekhar Chand | Arun Ratn | Piyush Sharma [3] | Rajesh K. Srivastava


Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to assess the health impairments due to regular standing posture of Indian urban women during their household works. Methods: A questionnaire based survey was carried out at specific local areas of district Muzaffarnagar of Uttar Pradesh, India, during the period between October and December, 2022. In this survey, urban women were involved from four age groups, group (A): 25-35 years with 6.1 h/d standing period, group (B): 36-45 years with 5.2 h/d standing, group (C): 46-55 years with 4.8 h/d standing, group (D): 56-65 years with 3.3 h/d standing. Results: In four age groups, women were very commonly suffered from the lower back pain, arthritis and joint pain, hypothyroidism, low blood pressure, and the hypotension problems. The working standing period decreased in aged women, however, the degree or extent of health risks were elevated in these women with the age-dependent manner. Notably, the percentage of urban women was enhanced for each health issue, age-dependently. Also, all the urban women suffered from calcium and vitamin D3 deficiency. Moreover, the feet swelling problem or edema were reported in older age women. Conclusion: This study concludes that the health risks enhance with the increase in the age of women.


Keywords: Indian urban women, Health impairments, Hypothyroidism, Lower back pain, Calcium, Vitamin D3 deficiency


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,


Pages: 1036 - 1041


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