International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | General Surgery | India | Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023


An Observational Study of Breast Lump in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women

Anup Shaha | Surendra Kumar Bhuyar | Girish Jatkar [2]


Abstract: Background: A breast lump is "Any discrete mass noticed by the patient, significant other, or physician". The present study was undertaken to determine and compare breast lumps in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Method: Total 100 female patients of age >18 years who had complaints of a lump in the breast were enrolled in the study and divided into two equal groups based on their menstrual status i. e., premenopausal, and postmenopausal group. Physical, clinical and ultrasound examination and in selected patients? mammogram of the breast was done. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or core needle biopsy was done. For all operated cases, post - operative tissue specimen was sent for histopathological examination. Results: Maximum patients were diagnosed between 41 to 60 years old (56%), with only lump (66%), in right breast (51%), in the central and upper quadrant with a history of 2 - 6 months duration. In pre - menopausal women, the maximum cases (84%) had benign breast disease while in post - menopausal women the maximum cases (60%) had malignant breast disease. In pre - menopausal women, the most commonbenign disease was fibroadenoma (64.28%) and commonest malignant disease was invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) (50%) whereas in post - menopausal women, fibrocystic breast disease was commonest benign disease (85%) and IDC was the most common malignant disease (60%). Conclusion: This study revealed that the benign breast disease was more common in pre - menopausal women and earliest age of diagnosis was 24 years whereas malignant breast disease was more common in post - menopausal women and earliest age of diagnosis was 40 years. Among all women, fibroadenoma of breast was the most common benign disease and invasive ductal carcinoma was the most common malignant breast disease.


Keywords: Breast lump, Premenopausal, Postmenopausal, Benign, Malignant Fibroadenoma, Carcinoma


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023,


Pages: 1043 - 1049


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