International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Geography | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023


Mechanism of Indian Monsoon

Dr. Renu Bali


Abstract: Monsoons is a seasonal climatic phenomena experienced by south Asian subcontinent. For India Monsoons not only have impact on agriculture but also directly influences economy, political and cultural calendar. It is extremely important to understand the mechanism of monsoon. Monsoon is global phenomena. El Ni?o, Southern Oscillation, Location of Jet stream, ITCZ, change in direction of Trade Winds is some of the global events which impact monsoon. Similarly, local climatic conditions and physiography all have impact on monsoon rainfall. The current changes in monsoon due to global heating have made it difficult to predict despite scientific studies and technological advancement. We have seen in recent years that extreme monsoon events like flash floods and cloud burst trigger landslides and floods causing massive damage and destruction in some regions and deficit of rainfall results in droughts in some regions during same year.


Keywords: ITCZ, El Nino, Jet Stream, Monsoon Trough


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,


Pages: 1770 - 1777


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