International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Public Health | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023 | Rating: 4.9 / 10

Health Needs of Adolescent Girls in Urban Slum of a Kolkata

Santanu Roychowdhury

Abstract: This study delves into the health needs and challenges faced by adolescent girls living in urban slums, with a focus on Kolkata, India. Recognizing adolescence as a pivotal phase marked by significant physical, psychological, and social transformations, the research underscores the unique vulnerabilities and health requirements of this demographic. The study, employing a community-based cross-sectional design, involved two phases: Focus Group Discussions FGD with 15 adolescent girls and interviews with 30 additional participants. The findings reveal a reasonable awareness of nutrition among these girls, but a lack of comprehensive knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene and psychological health issues. Despite some awareness of menstrual hygiene, improper disposal of sanitary pads and reliance on unhygienic facilities are prevalent. The study also identifies socio-economic challenges, including living in densely populated slums with limited privacy and resources. The research suggests the need for targeted interventions to improve the health and wellbeing of adolescent girls in slums, emphasizing the importance of addressing mental health, reproductive health, and hygiene practices. This study not only highlights the health needs of this vulnerable group but also proposes actionable strategies, including educational programs for both adolescents and their mother, to foster a healthier, more informed community.

Keywords: Adolescent Health, Urban Slums, Menstrual Hygiene, Nutritional Awareness, Psychological Well-being

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,

Pages: 1326 - 1329

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