International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Law | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023 | Rating: 5.1 / 10

An Analysis of Crime Victims in India

Dr. Kanchal Gupta

Abstract: This article delves into the evolving field of victimology, emphasizing its transition towards recognizing victims as independent entities with distinct voices and rights. It explores the multifaceted impact of victimization, encompassing physical, psychological, and financial dimensions. The paper highlights the categorization of victims into primary, secondary, and tertiary groups, illustrating the varying degrees of trauma and loss experienced. Furthermore, the article examines the shift in penological approaches, particularly the growing emphasis on restorative justice and compensation for victims. By dissecting the Indian legal framework, the article underscores recent legislative advancements in victim rights and compensation. It also reflects on the historical context of victimology, drawing parallels to ancient principles of retribution and restitution. The paper concludes with a critical analysis of the role of the judiciary and policymakers in shaping a victim-centric justice system, advocating for comprehensive legal and emotional support for victims to restore their dignity and place in society.

Keywords: Victimology, Restorative Justice, Victim Compensation, Indian Legal Framework, Psychological Impact of Crime

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,

Pages: 1175 - 1178

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