International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023 | Rating: 5.4 / 10

Advancements in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment: Integrating New Tools and Guidelines in Internal Medicine Practice

Matigalla Akshaya | VR Hithesh Sri Sai Reddy [4] | C. Prabhakar Raju [12]

Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, emphasizing the critical need for effective cardiovascular risk assessment strategies. This review paper explores recent advancements in cardiovascular risk assessment within the realm of internal medicine, with a focus on integrating new tools and guidelines into clinical practice. The paper begins by providing an overview of the evolving landscape of cardiovascular risk assessment, emphasizing the dynamic nature of risk factors and the continuous refinement of predictive models. The review delves into the latest tools that have emerged for assessing cardiovascular risk, encompassing innovative biomarkers, advanced imaging techniques, and novel genetic markers. These tools are examined in the context of their potential to enhance the precision and accuracy of risk prediction, offering insights into the individualized management of patients at risk for CVD. Furthermore, the paper critically evaluates the most recent guidelines proposed by leading cardiovascular societies, addressing their impact on risk assessment and their integration into routine internal medicine practices. Emphasis is placed on synthesizing these guidelines into a comprehensive framework that enables healthcare professionals to make informed decisions tailored to the unique characteristics of each patient. The integration of technology, such as artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms, into cardiovascular risk assessment is explored, highlighting their potential to augment traditional methods and improve risk prediction models. The review also considers the implications of these advancements on patient outcomes, healthcare resource utilization, and the overall landscape of preventive cardiology in internal medicine. In conclusion, this review provides a comprehensive synthesis of the latest advancements in cardiovascular risk assessment, offering a roadmap for internal medicine practitioners to navigate the evolving landscape of preventive cardiology.

Keywords: Cardiovascular risk assessment, Internal medicine, Risk stratification, Cardiovascular disease, Risk factors

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023,

Pages: 1506 - 1508

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