International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Doctoral Thesis | Hematology | Kenya | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024


Ensuring Blood Grouping, Cross Matching, and Appropriate Storage and Delivery in Compliance with Quality Standards during Preparation and Delivery of the EQC Materials to the Participating Laboratories in Nairobi City County, Kenya

Damaris Akatsa Katsutsu


Abstract: Background: Ensuring high - quality laboratory services is crucial for accurate diagnoses and patient care. It is therefore paramount that high standards be maintained in the conducting of tests as results forthcoming from the tests will be used for diagnosis purposes. External Quality Control (EQC) is therefore essential for the relative assessment of quality among laboratories in the bid to identify dispersion from a set mean and general accuracy and reliability in the conducting of tests and test outcomes. The status pertaining to External Quality Control in Nairobi city County is such that few institutions are engaged because of the high cost. Methods: Z - score analysis was used to analyze data obtained from the participating laboratories. Data presentation was done using graphs, tables and pie - charts where applicable. Results: Distributions to the Nairobi City County hospitals of samples per nine months was nine cycles, one cycle per month. Each of the nine cycles was independent. Conclusion: In conclusion, locally prepared EQC materials attracted many clinical laboratories. Regular external quality assessment programs are essential for ensuring the accuracy and reliability of laboratory test results, especially in Nairobi, where inadequate laboratory testing is prevalent. The development of stable and reliable external quality control materials is critical for the success of EQA programs. The goal of the research is to raise standards for laboratory care in Nairobi County. This will be done by finding out if quality results are generated from our laboratories and if not, mentoring the laboratories that did not perform well in the EQC testing will be considered. This study suggests that laboratories employ external quality control material and measure their results using variance comparison to do this.


Keywords: Dispersions, Accuracy, Internal and External Quality Control, Dependability


Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,


Pages: 45 - 52


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