International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Dentistry | India | Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023 | Rating: 5.2 / 10


Impact of Surface Tension of Endodontic Irrigants on Root Canal Treatment: A Review

Anju Bala [4] | Zara Suharwardy


Abstract: Endodontic irrigants are chemical solutions used in root canal treatment to clean, disinfect, and shape the inside of the tooth's root canals. The physicochemical properties of these irrigants are essential in determining their effectiveness and safety. Some of the key physicochemical properties of common endodontic irrigants are pH level, solubility, temperature, concentration, temperature, antimicrobial activity, chelating ability, viscosity and least but not last, surface tension. These properties affect how irrigants interact with the tooth structure, bacteria, and debris inside the root canals. This article is aimed to highlight the impact of surface tension of endodontic irrigants in root canal procedures. To trace this relation various search engines like Google Scholar, Pubmedand Research Gate are used by using keywords like Endodontic Irrigants, Surface Tension, Significance of surface tension of root canal irrigants etc. Inclusion criteria is based only those articles (clinical research, basic research and review), are selected which gives direct or indirect relation between surface tension and outcome of endodontic procedures and rests are excluded which do not end on key points. Almost every article concludes that lowering the surface tension of endodontic irrigants effect the outcome of root canal treatment positively. Still the researches are going on and the concrete value of surface tension is awaited.


Keywords: Endodontic irrigants, Surface tension, Factors effecting endodontic irrigants, Significance of surface tension of endodontic irrigants, Physicochemical properties of root canal irrigants


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023,


Pages: 1239 - 1242


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