International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Comparative Studies | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2022 | Rating: 4.4 / 10

A Comparative Study of Perinatal Outcome in Women with Pre-Eclampsia Using Cerebroplacental Ratio of Fetal Middle Cerebral Artery and Umbilical Artery on Doppler Ultrasound

Dr. Swarada Jayant Kulkarni | Dr. Arun H. Nayak | Dr. Madhuri Mehendale

Abstract: We conducted an observational prospective study from May 2018 to October 2019 in which Doppler Ultrasonography was done in 100 Antenatal women with pre-eclampsia, beyond 34 weeks of gestation. Based on cerebroplacental ratio patients were divided into two groups: 1. cerebroplacental ratio>/=1, 2. cerebroplacental ratio <1. There were 65 cases with a CPR >1 and 35 with CPR<1. More women with CPR <1 required caesarean section (85.7%), developed IUGR (85.7%), required early termination with average gestational age at termination being 36.1 weeks, had low birth weight babies, mean birth weight being 2208g, thus higher number of babies required NICU care (71.4%). In women with CPR>1, caesarean section rate was 46.2%, average age for termination of pregnancy was 37.4 weeks, mean birth weight 2426 g with 30.5% fetuses developing IUGR and 30.5 % neonates requiring NICU care. Our study showed that women with CPR <1 had higher chances of development of IUGR and undergoing caesarean section. They required preterm termination of pregnancy and had low birth weight babies who needed NICU care. There were no still births or neonatal deaths indicating that timely intervention in delivering a woman with pre-eclampsia with changes on Doppler ultrasound can prevent adverse neonatal outcomes.

Keywords: Pre-eclampsia, Doppler Ultrasonography, Cerebroplacental Ratio, Neonatal Outcome

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2022,

Pages: 85 - 89

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