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Research Paper | Psychology and Organizational Management | Congo (DRC) | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023
Conflicts Emergence in the Mining Localities of Lualaba in DRC: Prevention, Management and Solving Strategies
MUSHID KAPEND Fidele
Abstract: The present study is part of an interdisciplinary approach. The question of conflicts opposing communities remains nowadays a major issue to which researchers in human and social sciences attach much more interest. For psychologist, the aim is to find the key factors behind the recrudescence of tensions between the various ethnic/tribal groups. The main objective is to come up with adapted strategies aiming at promoting peace and social cohesion. To achieve this, we collected the opinions of the actors and protagonists in the conflicts in order to determine the axes of intervention. The psycho- sociological theories of conflicts allowed us to apprehend the phenomenon under an objective angle and to redefine the possibilities of intervention. The results of these investigations show that the conflicts opposing the communities are multiple, but at the same time latent and/or manifest. The use of these conflicts by politicians to advance their own agenda, the self-categorization effect, the lack of legal texts understanding by populations, archetypes, illiteracy, deep attachment to traditional and cultural values are psycho-sociological mechanisms found to justify the activism of conflicts in the province of Lualaba in DRC. All in all, we have proposed dialogues, sensitization, popularization and consultation as effective strategies for prevention, management and peaceful resolution of conflicts.
Keywords: conflicts, mining resources, copperbelt, groups psychology, peace
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,
Pages: 1182 - 1189