International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 52 | Views: 125

Research Paper | Medicine | Nepal | Volume 10 Issue 2, February 2021


Smoking, A Risk Factor for COPDs in Patient Visiting Shree Bhawani Hospital and Research Center

Dr. Nagmani Ram [2]


Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPDs) is rapidly becoming a global public health problem with smoking being recognized as its most important causative factor. The purpose of the study was to find out whether smoking is a risk factor for COPDs or not. Case control was the method of study where the source of case was hospitalized patients and the source of control was general population. Simple random technique was used as a method of sampling in which certain COPDs patients of 40-70 Years age group irrespective of their sex were taken under the study. The sample size was 35 and Odd Ratio was used for the estimation of risk of disease associated with exposure. Smokers showed a risk of having COPDs 9.75 times than that of nonsmokers. Thus Smoking can be considered as a major risk factor for COPDs.


Keywords: COPDs, Smoking, Risk factor


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 2, February 2021,


Pages: 486 - 488


How to Download this Article?

Type Your Valid Email Address below to Receive the Article PDF Link


Verification Code will appear in 2 Seconds ... Wait

Top