International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Business Administration | Turkey | Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021


The Impact of Gender on Leadership Styles and Leadership Effectiveness

Basel Dwiri | Kagan Okatan


Abstract: The purpose and aim of this research are to show and evaluate the impact of gender and the effectiveness (Decision making and relationships) between transformational leadership and transactional leadership respectively in real estate and construction companies. In addition, to bring to light whether male leaders are more effective than female leaders, or the opposite. Data were collected from 267 respondents in Istanbul, sample of Turkish firms based on the study model data were examined using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software by applying frequency distribution tables also bar charts of questionnaire (part A) and further correlation, R-Square, ANOVA and Regression Analysis for questionnaire (part B). Results show that the relationship between gender, transformational leadership and transactional leadership and their effectiveness (Decision making and Relationships) in the companies is positive. This study has analyzed through descriptive approach that was used to study about demographic profile of companies in Istanbul, and TRFL and TRSL items have been developed to test the hypothesis. Five-point Likert scale questionnaire and Seven-point Likert scale questionnaire has been adopted for data collection, the reliability statistics of all items was 0.887 for men and 0.915 for women which is excellent, in order to measure the relationship among variables correlation a test was used, regression analysis R-Square interpretation, ANOVA was used to show the impact of DM and R on TRFL and TRSL of the companies. Statistical analysis also showed results and suggestions for this model.


Keywords: Gender, Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Decision Making, Relationships, Turkey


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021,


Pages: 1419 - 1434


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