International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 10 | Views: 139 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper | Public Health | Philippines | Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021 | Rating: 4.9 / 10


Heavy Metal and Coliform Contamination in the Tap Water of Public Schools of Muntinlupa City, Philippines

Darylle Cesar G. Hilapo | Ruby Myra Alicarte Lacro


Abstract: Water in the public schools is essential as it is the primary resource for cleaning, plant maintenance and in some cases, for drinking. If unsafe and unclean water is consumed, it can lead to many diseases that can compromise the health of students and school personnel. Thus, monitoring water resources within the school compound should be of high priority. The study conducted physicochemical, heavy metal and coliform contamination assessment among the tap water of nine public schools of Muntinlupa City. Among the physicochemical parameters, dissolved oxygen across all schools is detected to be not normal. Cadmium content of all tap water among all schools has exceeded the standard limit and has shown concerning level of hazard quotient. Two out nine schools showed bacterial coliform contamination. Schools with this contamination are of great risks not only for students and personnel that utilizes tap water within the school compound.


Keywords: Water Microbial Contamination, Ecotoxicology, Environmental Health, Public Health Biology, School Health


Edition: Volume 10 Issue 11, November 2021,


Pages: 1201 - 1206


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