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Survey Paper | Civil Engineering | India | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016
Road Safety and Accident Reduction
M. Manikantan | Dr. S. Siddiraju 
Abstract: Now a days the accidents are occurring frequently due to the uncontrolled speed of vehicles. The accidents may occur due to the inefficiency of road geometric designs or reckless driving of vehicles or may be due to driving in drunken condition also. The human life is most valuable thing. Due to accidents, most of the human lives are last in death. To control these problems we need to take care of each and every point from inception to end of work. It is also necessary to maintain it properly after the construction. Road safety becomes a complex and multifaceted problem for the simple reason that transportation and development is becoming more intense and complicated than ever before. This is inturn due to population and economic activities growth in their size. Independent studies by both World Health Organization and World Bank have estimated that about 5, 00, 000 people lost their lives and over 15 million suffer injuries each year as a result of road accidents. In India the number of accidents and the fatalities has been increasing over the years and accidents per 1000 vehicles are high in India compared to other developed countries in the world. The tendency of accidents to cluster or concentrate at few spots is known as Black spots or accident spots. Here we had selected the Alankanpalli circle as accident spots in kadapa, near A. P Tourism. We performed the traffic studies at this circle to redesign the rotary intersection and to check the sufficient weaving length, width at entry and exit, capacity of rotary, super elevation etc. , The traffic studies consist of classified traffic volume count, spot speed studies, Inventory surveys etc. , Finally we give the proper solution for the accidents reduction which are furnished in this project report clearly.
Keywords: Accident, Road Safety, Traffic Volume Count, Black Spots, Spot Speed
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016,
Pages: 1487 - 1490