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Research Paper | Botany | India | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016
Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Activities of in vivo and in vitro Shoots of Cleome gynandra L
Shanmuganathan T.  | Karthikeyan A. V. P.
Abstract: Plants can be called as living elixir since they cure almost all types of ailments. Phytochemicals or secondary metabolites are compounds present in plants responsible for the curative properties of them. Free radicals are the causative agents of all forms of metabolic disorders. Nullifying the ill effects of those free radicals can be done through the phytochemicals and secondary metabolites of plant based origin, which will lead to prevent or cure particular disease. The present study deals with the identifying, quantifying of phytochemicals in aqueous, ethanolic extracts of in vivo and in vitro shoots of C. gynandra. This study revealed the presence of metabolically active phytochemicals such alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, tannins, saponins, terpenoids etc. in the tested extracts. This study also exposed the antioxidant activity of aqueous, ethanolic extracts of in vivo and in vitro shoots of C. gynandra through DPPH scavenging method. The ethanolic extracts of in vitro shoots exhibited higher antioxidant activity than all other extracts tested.
Keywords: Cleome gynandra, in vivo, in vitro, Phytochemicals, Antioxidant activity
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016,
Pages: 208 - 211