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Research Paper | Pediatrics | Saudi Arabia | Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016
Risk Factors for Low Birth Weight Babies in Hail Region KSA
Rania Abdeen | Aljohrah Albaker | Amal Al-Buqaisi | Hala Alassaf | Latifah Alateeq | Wasmiah Alshammri
Abstract: Introduction Low birth weight (LBW) means that the weight at birth is < 2500]. LBW has significant role in neonatal mortality and morbidity . Generally its known that the causes of LBW is multi factorial. Regarding KSA the incidence was found 7.4. Objective Of our study to find out risk factors associated with delivering LBW babies in Hail region KSA like (Maternal age, Education, occupation, monthly income, ANC, Supplementation, maternal smoking, Gestational age, Babies gender, birth order, Previous recurrent miscarriage and Previous history of LBW baby). Methodology the design is case control study, cases are women who delivered babies weigh <2500 g while control are women who delivered baby weight 2500g. Our data were collected from two hospitals in Hail, maternity and general hospital through structured questionnaire. We collect data from 500 delivered women (200 cases, 300control) during the period from October to December 2015. Analyses Using SPSS, P-value was taken. Results Out of 15 possible risk variables analyzed, 3 were found significant. Baby gender (P<0.05), gestational age (P = <0.05), and passive smoking (P=<0.05). Conclusion passive smoking, gestational age, and babys gender had significant effect on LBW babies.
Keywords: LBW low birth Weight, VLBW very low birth Weight, IUGR intrauterine growth Restriction, ANC antenatal care and BW birth weight
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016,
Pages: 1111 - 1116