International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Arts and Humanities | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023

MOOCs: Catalysts for Higher Education Transformation in India

Madhuri Hooda | Preeti Dahiya

Abstract: Over the course of history, education has undergone significant transformations. With the advancements in Information Communication Technology (ICT), e - learning has expanded its horizons through the introduction of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). The enrollment rates in MOOCs have experienced a tremendous surge, prompting India to establish various platforms for MOOC courses. In a developing country like India, MOOCs hold immense potential in reaching a wide audience, promoting literacy, and enhancing the skills of the youth to tackle issues such as unemployment and support initiatives like Make in India in the digital era. India currently ranks second globally in terms of MOOC enrollments, with NPTEL, IITBX, mooKIT, and SWAYAM serving as the primary MOOC platforms in the country. However, it is crucial to recognize that every technology brings both advantages and disadvantages. Against this backdrop, this review article delves into a detailed examination of MOOCs, including their history, evolution, and various types. It also sheds light on the technical and theoretical foundations of MOOC platforms in India. Additionally, the article highlights the challenges associated with implementing MOOCs in India. While acknowledging the potential benefits of MOOCs, it is important to note that they cannot fully replace the traditional education system. A balanced and comprehensive education for today's youth can only be achieved through a blend of both traditional and MOOC - based learning approaches.

Keywords: E - Learning, MOOC, SWAYAM, Indian MOOC Platforms, C - MOOC, X - MOOC, Massive Open Online Courses

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 797 - 800

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