International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023

Prevalence of Thyroid Disorders in Pregnancy and Associated Maternal and Fetal Outcome

Dr. K. N. Bindusha Krishna | N. R. Indu [2] | P. B. Hiremath [2]

Abstract: Background: One of the most common endocrinological problems during pregnancy is thyroid dysfunction. . To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid diseases in pregnant women and its correlation with feto - maternal outcomes, we conducted this study. Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out in a tertiary care institute in Puducherry. We recruited 164 pregnant women who visited the OPD (Out Patient Department) through consecutive sampling. A detailed history and clinical examination were made. Apart from routine ante - natal investigations, we estimated the TSH levels. In case of abnormal TSH values, free T4 and T3 levels were assessed. Results: In our study, 21 (12.8%) of 164 cases had thyroid disorders, 5 (3%) had O. hypothyroidism, 3 (1.8%) had S. hyperthyroidism, and 13 (7.9%) had S. hypothyroidism. S. Hypothyroidism had 13 (7.9%) cases while S. Hyperthyroidism had 3 (1.8%). 143 of 164 patients were normal and 21 were thyroid.2 pre - term, 139 term, and 2 post - term deliveries. Conclusion: We observed a significant prevalence of thyroid disorders in our study. The presence of maternal thyroid disorders significantly impacts the maternal and fetal outcomes if adequate treatment is not initiated in the early gestational period. Therefore, serum TSH should be included in the battery of routine investigations for early diagnosis and management of thyroid disorders.

Keywords: Screening test, Serum TSH, Thyroid disorders in pregnancy

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,

Pages: 83 - 86

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