International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Ophthalmology | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023 | Rating: 4.6 / 10

A Study of Patient Preferences with Regard to Laser versus Intravitreal Injections in the Treatment of Diabetic Macular Edema

Dr. Ravali | Dr. G. Hanumantha Rao [2]

Abstract: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major cause of blindness among the working age group. According to the World Health Organization, India will become one of the major hubs of diabetic population during the next 2 decades; the number of cases of adult-onset diabetes mellitus will grow to nearly 80 million in 2030 from 18 million in 1995.1 Diabetic macular edema is the most common cause of visual loss in those with diabetic retinopathy and is increasing in prevalence globally. The prevalence of DME in patients with diabetic retinopathy is 2.7%11%.2 It depends on the type of diabetes and the duration of the disease, but for both types 1 and 2 after 25-years duration, it approximates 30%. Systemic factors associated with diabetic macular oedemainclude longer duration of diabetes, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher hemoglobin A1C. The sole ocular factor associated with diabetic macular oedema is diabetic retinopathy severity as increasing severity is associated with increasing prevalence of diabetic macular oedema.

Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular oedema, laser, intravitreal injections

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,

Pages: 771 - 772

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