International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Anatomy and Histology | India | Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023


A Study of Different Morphological Parameters of Kidneys in the Indian Population

Dr. Sayongdeepa Roy [2] | Dr. Ankita Pal [2]


Abstract: The kidneys are dynamic organs. Their morphological parameters, such as length, breadth, thickness, volume and weight vary with age, sex and laterality. The parameters also vary noticeably among different populations across the world. As renal dimensions are important in determining the treatment modalities in different renal diseases as well as in assessment of suitability in renal transplant, it is important to study the variations in the morphometry of the kidneys. In our present study, we measured the pole - to - pole length, breadth, anteroposterior thickness, volume and weight of 240 kidneys in 120 cadavers that were brought to the morgue of a government medical college and hospital in West Bengal, India. We then tabulated the data according to the age and sex of the subjects to look for variations in the parameters with respect to age, sex and laterality. We found that all the morphological parameters of the kidneys increased in age up to 40 years of age. Thereafter, the kidneys showed signs of shrinkage and all the parameters decreased progressively. The male kidneys were found to be larger than the female kidneys. The left kidneys were found to be longer than the right kidneys. Our findings are at par with similar studies done in India and adjoining regions by other authors. However, the figures are much lesser than that found in the Western population and that quoted by standard Anatomy textbooks. As morphological parameters of the kidney are clinically important, it is essential for standardisation of renal dimensions among the Indian population.


Keywords: kidneys, renal length, renal breadth, renal thickness, renal volume, renal weight


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023,


Pages: 360 - 364


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