International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023 | Rating: 5.3 / 10

Navigating the Neuropathic Nexus: Comprehensive Strategies in Diabetic Management

Merapala Rama Sai Lakshmi Sri Nivedita | Susan Christina Palvai [4] | Praneeth Ulavala [14] | V. Mahesh [5]

Abstract: The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus has surged in recent years, marking it as a major public health challenge. Beyond its widely acknowledged metabolic implications, diabetes exerts a significant and often overlooked impact on the nervous system. This comprehensive review endeavours to delve into the intricate relationship between diabetes and neurological complications, aiming to shed light on the vital role of understanding and addressing these intricacies in diabetic management. The literature survey in this review uncovers a wealth of research detailing the multifaceted connections between diabetes and neurological disorders. It unravels the underlying mechanisms through which diabetes engenders neuropathy, retinopathy, and cognitive dysfunction, emphasising their clinical significance. Diabetic neuropathy manifests as peripheral nerve damage, culminating in pain, numbness, and motor deficits. Diabetic retinopathy threatens visual acuity and integrity. Furthermore, diabetes can severely impact cognitive function, leading to conditions like diabetic encephalopathy. In the subsequent discussion, we scrutinise the neurological complications frequently encountered in the management of diabetes. We underscore the importance of diligent glycemic control, lifestyle adjustments, and the judicious use of pharmacological interventions to ameliorate these complications. Nevertheless, it is paramount to acknowledge the limitations in current therapeutic strategies and recognize the need for further research to refine our approaches. In conclusion, this review highlights the imperative of addressing neurological aspects within the broader context of diabetic management. The understanding and management of complications such as neuropathy, retinopathy, and cognitive dysfunction are pivotal to enhancing the quality of life for individuals living with diabetes. Collaboration among healthcare professionals, including endocrinologists and neurologists, is essential to ensure comprehensive care for patients. As we gaze into the future, the burgeoning field of diabetes management shows promise with emerging technologies and novel therapies. Cutting - edge advancements in neuroimaging techniques and innovative medications hold potential for breakthroughs in the management of diabetes - related neurological complications. Research in this area is pivotal for refining diagnostic methods and therapeutic strategies, offering hope and improved well - being for those affected by diabetes and its intricate neurological consequences.

Keywords: Diabetic neuropathy, Mononeuropathy, Diabetic retinopathy

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 10, October 2023,

Pages: 1453 - 1456

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